About Béchamel sauce Edit
Béchamel sauce or besciamella, also known as white sauce (sauce blanche), is one of the mother sauces of French cuisine and is used in many recipes of the Italian cuisine, e.g. lasagne emiliane. It is used as the base for other sauces (such as Mornay sauce, which is Béchamel with cheese). It is traditionally made by whisking scalded milk gradually into a white flour-butter roux (equal parts clarified butter and flour by weight). Another method, considered less traditional, is to whisk kneaded flour-butter (beurre manié) into scalded milk. The thickness of the final sauce depends on the proportions of milk and flour.
Béchamel sauce is the base for a number of other classic sauces with additional ingredients added including:
- Mornay sauce (cheese)
- Nantua sauce (crayfish, butter and cream)
- Crème sauce (heavy cream)
- Mustard sauce (prepared mustard seed)
- Soubise sauce (finely diced onions that have been sweated in butter)
- Cheddar cheese sauce (Cheddar cheese, dry mustard, Worcestershire sauce)
- Croque Monsieur (some variations)
- A very thick bechamel sauce is used to create the topping of a Parmo
- Moussaka a layered dish found in Greece and throughout the Balkans and Middle East
The term "white sauce" or sauce blanche may also be applied to a simple sauce consisting only of milk and melted butter, without flour or spices.