About oranges Edit
The orange is one of the most popular citrus fruit. It is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata). It is a small flowering tree growing to about 10 m tall with evergreen leaves, which are arranged alternately, of ovate shape with crenulate margins and 4–10 cm long. The orange fruit is a hesperidium, a type of berry.
Oranges originated in Southeast Asia. The fruit of Citrus sinensis is called sweet orange to distinguish it from Citrus aurantium, the bitter orange. The name is thought to ultimately derive from the Sanskrit for the orange tree, with its final form developing after passing through numerous intermediate languages.
Orange varieties Edit
- Sweet orange
- Navel orange
- Blood orange
- Mandarin orange (also known as a tangerine)
- Bitter orange
Orange juice Edit
Orange juice is one of the most common fruit juices in North American.
Orange zest Edit
Orange zest is the outermost (coloured) layer of the orange peel. It is used to flavour various dishes and sometimes as a garnish.